Saturday, 26 January 2013

Using the SHIFT key to modify the behaviour of a grub4dos menu entry


If you have linux in your grub4dos menu.lst, you often need two entries, one for normal mode and one for safe mode so that you can boot on 'difficult' hardware.

This solution allows you to just have one menu entry but you can hold down SHIFT when you hit Enter to use safe mode parameters.

For this you need the bios utility on your drive (in this case in the root of the boot drive).You could also test for Ctrl or Alt and some other keys.

Note some lines are long and run over - use cut and paste!

title Run Linux\nPress SHIFT+ENTER for safe mode 
/bios int=0x16 eax=0x00000200 > (md)0x300+1
cat --skip=12 --length=2 (md)0x300+1 | set /a n=0x > nul 
set /a n=%n% & 0x03 > nul && if %n%>=1 echo SHIFT PRESSED! 
#LShift=01,RShift=02,CTRL=04,ALT=08,SCROLL=10,NUM=20,CAPS=40,INS=80 
#set /a n=%n% & 0x04 > nul && if %n%>=1 echo CTRL PRESSED! 
set sf=
if %n%>=1 set sf=acpi=off irqpoll noapic noapm nodma nomce nolapic nosmp 
kernel /casper/vmlinuz file=/cdrom/preseed/ubuntu.seed boot=casper %sf% splash 
initrd /casper/initrd.img



Bios Int 16 ah=2 reference here

NOTE: was...
/bios int=0x16 eax=0x00000200 > (md)0x300+1 && cat --skip=12 --length=2 (md)0x300+1 | set /a n=0x > nul

the 2nd half of the line is only executed if the BIOS returns non-zero. So && should not be used in this case.